The global inflation crisis paired with lacklustre economic growth and an outlook clouded by uncertainties have led to a decline in real wages around the world, a new report published by the International Labour Organization (ILO) has found.
Severe supply chain disruption continued, however, with muted rates of improvement across the sector.
Impacts of Ukraine invasion still driving price growth in economy.
Kazakh retail sales rose by 1.4% y/y in January-October, registering a value of Kazakhstani tenge KZT12.09tn ($25.8bn), according to data published by Kazakhstan's State Statistics Committee.
Output, howevr, fell for the second month running as difficulties with sourcing materials continued.