Governments of Central and Southeast Europe have already secured most of the funding they need for this year, but with more obligations maturing in 2020 they are expected to return to the markets on a large scale next year
Central and Eastern Europe faces a demographic catastrophe in the coming decades that will see Central Asia pull ahead of the eastern EU member states in population terms by the end of the century.
Kazakhstan’s ruler of 30 years Nursultan Nazarbayev has gone. Only he’s not gone. And ordinary Kazakhs who’ve lived through three “Soviet-groomed” decades don’t hold out much hope a handpicked successor will change much about their lives.
Uzbek, Turkmen efforts have helped bring the militants to the table. Rewards from pipeline, power transmission projects possibly up for grabs.
The Tajik capital Dushanbe features pristine streets and gleaming new tower blocks, but the commercial outlook for firms operating there is tricky to say the least.