Turkey’s official consumer price index (CPI) inflation on November 3 ended a 17-month-long run of rises, dipping to 84% y/y in November, following the 86% announced for October, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TUIK, or TurkStat) said on November 3 (chart).
The October figure was the highest headline inflation rate recorded by Turkey since the 91% posted in June 1998.
At 84%, Turkey falls behind Argentina in the world inflation league. Argentina announced 88% for October. Turkey is now in seventh place in the ranking.
The Istanbul-based ENAG inflation research group, meanwhile, released a November inflation figure of 171% y/y, down from the 185% y/y it calculated for October. Polls have shown Turks generally don’t trust the official inflation data.
TUIK also gave an official figure of 136% y/y for producer price index (PPI) inflation in November, down from 158% in October. The October figure was a record.
On October 27, the central bank hiked its expectation for end-2022 official inflation to 65% (upper boundary: 68%) from the previous figure of 60% (upper boundary: 64%) given in the July inflation report.
The authority said it expected inflation to peak at below the 90%-level in November and to sharply fall in December due to the base effect that would be caused by the high inflation figure (14% m/m) reported for December 2021.
The guidance was based on the assumption that the Turkish lira (TRY) will not experience another crash. As of the afternoon of December 5, the USD/TRY was up 0.2% to 18.64 from 18.6 on October 27.
If the USD/TRY remains stable, Turkey’s official inflation figures look set to decline to the 30-40%s across 2023.
On November 24, the central bank’s monetary policy committee (MPC) cut its policy rate by another 150 bp to 9%.
The policy rate was now adequate and the rate-cutting cycle that started in August, bringing 500 bp of cuts in all, was at an end, the authority also said.
The turbulence-free mood on global markets continues. Turkey’s five-year credit default swaps (CDS) remain below the 600-level, while the yield on the Turkish government’s 10-year eurobonds remains below the 10% level.